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2nd International Conference on Microbial Ecology & Eco Systems, will be organized around the theme “Challenges and Solutions for the backbone of all ecosystems”
Microbial Ecology 2018 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Microbial Ecology 2018
Submit your abstract to any of the mentioned tracks.
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Microbial Ecology is study of microbes and their relationship with each other in a given surroundings. Microbes are the smallest creatures on Earth, yet despite their very little size, they have a huge impact on our surroundings. Microorganisms, by their ubiquitous, impact the complete biosphere and plays a primary role in regulating biogeochemical systems in virtually all of our planet's surroundings, including some of the most extreme, from frozen environments and acidic lakes, to hydrothermal at the bottom of deepest oceans, and some of the most familiar, such as the human small intestine.
- Track 1-1Evolution and Creation
- Track 1-2Biodiversity
- Track 1-3Food Microbiology
- Track 1-4Biotechnology
The Public Health and Microbiology concentration comprises research in microbial pathogenesis, principles of public health, epidemiology, molecular genetics, virology, and environmental and industrial microbial processes. This concentration prepares students for technical work or graduate school in microbial disease systems using polymerase chain reaction, other molecular diagnostic tools as well as environmental and industrial applications of microbial systems.
- Track 2-1Microbial Pathogenesis
- Track 2-2Epidemiology
- Track 2-3Virology
- Track 2-4Molecular Genetics
The host-pathogen interaction is defined as how microbes or viruses sustain themselves within host organisms on a molecular, cellular, organismal or population level. This term is most commonly used to refer to disease-causing microorganisms although they may not cause illness in all hosts. Because of this, the definition has been expanded to how known pathogens survive within their host, whether they cause disease or not.
- Track 3-1Microbial Pathogenesis
- Track 3-2Host Pathogen Interface
- Track 3-3Beneficial Microbes
- Track 3-4Pathogenic Microbes
- Track 3-5Plant innate immunity
Microorganisms are called microbes for short. This class of life forms includes cellular life forms as well as the non-living crystals called viruses that parasitize living cells. The category called microbes includes viruses, bacteria, protists, some forms of fungus organisms and a few simple members of the animal kingdom. Microbes exist everywhere in abundance. Most are not harmful but some in category are known as pathogens and are harmful. The term pathogen indicates disease causing.
- Track 4-1Role of microorganisms in the evolution of animals and plants
- Track 4-2Elements in microbial evolution
- Track 4-3Interspecific evolution: microbial symbiosis
- Track 4-4Evolution of quorum sensing in bacterial biofilms
Like organisms in any ecosystem, the microbes in the human body continually interact with one another, both directly and indirectly (the proteins and metabolites they engender are withal in constant interplay). Microbial communities exhibit synergistic interactions for enhanced bulwark from host defences, nutrient acquisition, and assiduousness in an inflammatory environment. Hundreds of different microbes persist in a single biofilm community. More virulent bacteria can forfend the biofilm from outside intrusion while other species inside the polymeric matrix fixate on obtaining nutrients for the community. As the biofilm forms and then develops, the collective genetic expression of microbes in the ecosystem changes significantly.
- Track 5-1Host-Microbe Interactions
- Track 5-2Plant-Microbe Interactions
- Track 5-3Soil-Microbe Interactions
- Track 5-4Microbe-Mineral Interactions
Metagenomic approaches are now commonly used in microbial ecology to study microbial communities in more detail, including many strains that cannot be cultivated in the laboratory. Bioinformatic analyses make it possible to mine huge metagenomic datasets and discover general patterns that govern microbial ecosystems. Metaproteomics proposed for the large-scale characterization of the entire protein complement of environmental microbiota at a given point in time. Two thousand and thirty-three proteins from the five most abundant species in the biofilm were detected, including 48% of the predicted proteins from the dominant biofilm organism Leptospirillum group II.
- Track 6-1Metagenomic
- Track 6-2Metaproteomics
- Track 6-3Bioinformatics
- Track 6-4Metabolomics
Most living things that are visible to the unclad ocular perceiver in their adult form are eukaryotes, including humans. However, a sizably voluminous number of eukaryotes are withal microorganisms. Microbial eukaryotes are a consequential component of the human gut microbiome. Eukaryotes that reside in the human gut are dispersed across the eukaryotic tree and their relationship with the human host varies from parasitic to opportunistic to commensal to mutualistic. Eukaryotes are one of the three domains of life and are defined by the presence of nuclei. Animals, plants, and fungi are the most visible clades of eukaryotes, but these are just three of the 70+ lineages, most of which are microbial.
- Track 7-1Protists
- Track 7-2Animals
- Track 7-3Fungi
- Track 7-4Plants
Ecumenical change is altering species distributions and thus interactions among organisms. Organisms live in concert with thousands of other species, some benign, some pathogenic, some which have little to no effect in intricate communities. Since natural communities are composed of organisms with very different life history traits and dispersal competency it is unlikely they will all respond to climatic transmutation in a kindred way. Disjuncts in plant-pollinator and plant-herbivore interactions under ecumenical change have been relatively well described, but plant-soil microorganism and soil microbe-microbe relationships have received less attention. Since soil microorganisms regulate nutrient transformations, provide plants with nutrients, sanction co-esse among neighbors, and control plant populations, transmutations in soil microorganism-plant interactions could have paramount ramifications for plant community composition and ecosystem function.
- Track 8-1Direct and indirect effects of climate change
- Track 8-2Experimental warming effects on the microbial community
- Track 8-3Microbial responses to multi-factor climate change
- Track 8-4Soil Microbes and Climate change
Many industrial processes engender contaminated wastewater capable of causing earnest ecological harm that may result in heftily ponderous fines and prosecution if relinquished into the environment without felicitous pre-treatment. Conventional treatment systems can be very sumptuous to build and operate. MBD Energy offers industry partners potential for cost-preserving pre-treatment or full bioremediation (depending on the contamination type and rigor), together with potential for the engenderment of valuable biomass and algae-predicated products. Whether utilising cull strains of algae or bacteria, all MBD’s bioremediation solutions harness the puissance of nature to biologically convert industrial waste into biomass, which can be utilized for fuel, fertiliser, victuals or aliment – depending on the contamination type. Albeit bioremediation holds great promise for dealing with intractable environmental quandaries, it is consequential to agnize that much of this promise has yet to be realized. Concretely, much needs to be learned about how microorganisms interact with different hydrologic environments. As this under-standing increases, the efficiency and applicability of bioremediation will grow rapidly. Because of its unique interdisciplinary expertise in microbiology, hydrogeology, and geochemistry, the USGS will perpetuate to be at the forefront of this exhilarating and rapidly evolving technology.
Biodegradation is nature's way of recycling wastes, or breaking down organic matter into nutrients that can be utilized by other organisms. "Degradation" denotes decay, and the "bio-" prefix betokens that the decay is carried out by an immensely colossal assortment of bacteria, fungi, insects, worms, and other organisms that victual dead material and recycle it into incipient forms. In nature, there is no waste because everything gets recycled. The waste products from one organism become the aliment for others, providing nutrients and energy while breaking down the waste organic matter. Some organic materials will break down much more expeditious than others, but all will eventually decay. By harnessing these natural forces of biodegradation, people can reduce wastes and emaculate some types of environmental contaminants. Through composting, we expedite natural biodegradation and convert organic wastes to a valuable resource. Wastewater treatment additionally expedites natural forces of biodegradation. In this case the purport is to break down organic matter so that it will not cause pollution quandaries when the dihydrogen monoxide is relinquished into the environment. Through bioremediation, microorganisms are acclimated to emaculate oil spills and other types of organic pollution. Composting and bioremediation provide many possibilities for student research.
- Track 9-1Biodegradation of Oil Hydrocarbons
- Track 9-2Biodegradation of Lignocellulosics
- Track 9-3Bioremediation of Contaminated Waters
- Track 9-4Biodeterioration of Nonmetallic Engineering Materials
- Track 9-5Biodeterioration of Building Materials
A biogeochemical cycle or substance turnover is a pathway by that a chemical substance moves through both the biotic (biosphere) and abiotic (lithosphere, atmosphere, and hydrosphere) components of Earth. A cycle is a series of transmute which comes back to the commencement point and which can be reiterated. The term "biogeochemical" tell us about the biological, geological and chemical factors. The circulation of chemical nutrients like carbon, oxygen, nitrogen, phosphorus, calcium, and dihydrogen monoxide etc. through the biological and physical world are kenned as "biogeochemical cycles".
- Track 10-1Carbon Cycle
- Track 10-2Nitrogen Cycle
- Track 10-3Water Cycle
- Track 10-4Nutrient cycle
- Track 10-5Metal Cycling
Agricultural microbiology is a branch of microbiology dealing with plant-associated microbes and plant and animal diseases. It withal deals with the microbiology of soil fertility, such as microbial degradation of organic matter and soil nutrient transformations.
- Track 11-1Soil Microbiology
- Track 11-2Water Microbiology
- Track 11-3Bio fertilizers production
- Track 11-4Airborne Diseases
- Track 11-5Plant growth hormones
A biofilm is an amassment of microbial communities enclosed by a matrix of extracellular polymeric substance (EPS) and dissevered by a network of open dihydrogen monoxide channels. These communities adhere to manmade and natural surfaces, such as metals and teeth, typically at a liquid-solid interface. Their architecture is an optimal environment for cell-cell interactions, including the intercellular exchange of genetic material, communication signals, and metabolites, which enables diffusion of obligatory nutrients to the biofilm community. The matrix in which microbes in a biofilm are embedded forfends them from UV exposure, metal toxicity, acid exposure, dehydration and salinity, phagocytosis, antibiotics, and antimicrobial agents. The protective EPS and the unsurpassed metabolic multifariousness and phenotypic plasticity of microbes, likely expound how bacteria are able to persist in so many variants of environments, including those that are inhospitable to higher forms of life. By composing organized communities with other microbes, they can even further elongate their competency to acclimate and thrive in even the most truculent environments.
- Track 12-1New and Innovative Technologies for Biofilms Research
- Track 12-2Controlled Cultivation of Microbial Biofilms
- Track 12-3Molecular Biology of Microbial Biofilms
- Track 12-4Advanced Imaging of Microbial Biofilms
- Track 12-5Oral Biofilm Communities
A biofuel is a fuel that is engendered via contemporary biological processes, like agriculture and anaerobic digestion, rather than a fuel engendered by geological processes such as those involved in the formation of fossil fuels, such as coal and petroleum, from prehistoric biological matter. Biofuels can be derived directly from plants, or indirectly from agricultural, commercial, domestic, and/or industrial wastes. Renewable biofuels commonly involve contemporary carbon fixation, like those that occur in plants or microalgae through the process of photosynthesis. Other renewable biofuels are made through the utilization or conversion of biomass (referring to recently living organisms, most often referring to plants or plant-derived materials). This biomass can be converted to convenient energy-containing substances in three different methods: thermal conversion, chemical conversion, and biochemical conversion. This biomass conversion can result in fuel in solid, liquid, or gas form. Recently, lipases have been studied for biodiesel engenderment as whole-cell immobilized lipases. Each type of biocatalyst has its strengths and impotencies when it comes to reducing the contribution of the biocatalyst in the final cost of the biodiesel. Recent studies have been fixating on ameliorating catalysis performance and stability of the enzyme with the aim to reduce the lipase cost in the biodiesel conversion process. Different procedures have been developed for application mode of lipases. Solid state fermentation, whole-cell biocatalyst and immobilized lipase in different fortifies are the main studied modes.
- Track 13-1Crops for biofuel production
- Track 13-2Biofuel production from waste vegetables
- Track 13-3Biofuel as automobile fuel
- Track 13-4Cost effective techniques for biofuel production
- Track 13-5Enzymatic biofuel production
- Track 13-6Biofuel production on industry level and scale up
- Track 13-7Biofuel as automobile fuel and Market opportunities
- Track 13-8Biofuel production from municipal waste
The Human Microbiome is the amassment of all the microorganisms living in sodality with the human body. These communities consist of a variety of microorganisms including eukaryotes, archaea, bacteria and viruses. Bacteria in an average human body number ten times more than human cells, for a total of about 1000 more genes than are present in the human genome. Because of their minuscule size, however, microorganisms make up only about 1 to 3 percent of our body mass (that's 2 to 6 pounds of bacteria in a 200-pound adult). These microbes are generally not inimical to us, in fact they are essential for maintaining health.
- Track 14-1Structure, function and diversity of the healthy human microbiome
- Track 14-2Microbial Diversity across the Human Microbiome