Theme: Recent Approaches to Enhance Research in Microbial Ecology
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Microbial Ecology 2019
Details of Microbial Ecology 2019 Conference in USA:
|Microbial Ecology 2019||Chicago, USA||March 18-19, 2019|
Conference Series LLC LTD takes immense pleasure & feels honoured in inviting the contributors across the globe to attend 3rd International Conference on Microbial Ecology & Eco Systems to be held during March 18-19, 2019 at Chicago, USA on the theme "Recent Approaches to Enhance Research in Microbial Ecology" which includes prompt keynote presentations, Oral talks, Poster presentations and Exhibitions.
Conference Series LLC LTD welcomes all the Microbiologist, Scientists, Research Scholars, Industrial professionals, Technologist and Student Delegates from Microbiology and Healthcare sectors to be a part of the esteemed Microbial Ecology- 2019. As this will be the best amalgamation of Academia and Research involving every aspect of Microbial Ecology. It is open to all types of Research methodologies both from Academia and Industry.
This year's conference will showcase the roles of microbes in the different atmosphere by relating them to revolutionary science in the diverse area of microbiology through a wide range of scientific conference. The meeting is all set to be adorned by world-renowned speakers. All those who are either starting your career or an old-time microbiologist can attend this conference to learn, hook-up and get galvanized. We are looking forward to welcoming you all in Chicago.
• Environmental Microbiology institutes
• Associations and Societies
• Research Labs
• Industrial delegates from Academia
• Advertisers and Sponsors
Future Market Insights projects that the global market for microbial identification will witness a robust expansion over the next five years. Increasing influence of microbes in applied research is likely to propel the adoption of microbial identification systems, particularly for testing pharmaceuticals, food products, beverages, and drinking water as well. By the end of 2023, the global microbial identification market is anticipated to net revenues worth nearly US$ 1,400 million.
Adoption of Genotypic Microbial Identification Methods to Gain Traction
Over the gauge time frame, the appropriation of genotypic microbial recognizable proof strategies is foreseen to increment at an energy which will be insignificantly higher contrasted with phenotypic microbial ID procedures. Conflictingly, the last is foreseen to show higher income share on the worldwide microbial distinguishing proof market, and will get incomes worth over US$ 730 million before the finish of 2023.
Food & Beverage Testing Applications to Register Moderate Growth
List and identification of microorganisms in eatable things and beverages is a basic sustenance security measure that supports quality control for producers. The report anticipates the reception of microbial recognizable proof in sustenance and drink testing applications to decrease soon. Through 2022, nourishment and refreshment testing applications are foreseen to reflect direct development by enlisting a CAGR of 4.7%. In actuality, demonstrative uses of microbial distinguishing proof will increase quickest footing, and obtain more than US$ 350 million incomes in the worldwide market before the finish of the conjecture time frame.
Key Developers of Microbial Identification Systems
Advancements in medical microbiology will continue to change the manufacturing landscape in the global microbial identification market. The report observes that companies namely, Danaher Corporation, Bruker Corporation, Thermo Fisher Scientific, Inc., Siemens Healthineers, Shimadzu Corporation, QIAGEN N.V., bioMerieux S.A., Merck & Co Inc., Biolog, Inc., and Becton, Dickinson and Company will remain active in the expansion of global microbial identification market through 2022.
Agricultural Microbial Market Size
The worldwide agribusiness microbial market, by type, is divided into microscopic organisms, growths, infection and others. Microscopic organisms based items involve the biggest piece of the overall industry of taken after by infection, parasites and others. The microscopic organisms based farming has a tremendous request and is generally utilized, all inclusive. With expanding mindfulness and support from different offices for utilizing agrarian microbial, their offer is quickly expanding. The market was esteemed USD 2,511.20 million out of 2015 and is required to witness a CAGR of 18.13% amid the gauge time frame.
Global Agricultural Microbial Market Segmentation by Type
The global agriculture microbial market, by type, is segmented into bacteria, fungi, virus, and others. Bacteria-based products occupy the largest market share of 44.7%, followed by virus with 37.4 %, fungi with 15.9% and others with 2.0%. The bacteria-based agriculture has a huge demand and is widely used, globally. With increasing awareness and support from various agencies for using agricultural microbial, their share is rapidly increasing.
Agricultural Microbial Market Key Players:
• BASF SE.
• Bayer Cropscience.
• Arysta Lifescience Limited.
• Syngenta AG.
• Certis USA LLC.
• Chr. Hansen.
• BioAg Alliance (Monsanto/Novozymes).
• and Marrone Bio Innovations.
Track 1: Microbial Ecology and Next Gen Sequencing
Microorganisms are diverse in nature. Because majority of the microorganisms are nonculturable, it is important to utilize culture autonomous systems to examine the uncultured organisms. Metagenomics is a tool which comprehends genetic makeup of uncultivable microorganisms. As of now, Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) is a standout amongst the most progressive innovations utilized as a part of metagenomics.
Soil microbiology deals with the study of microorganisms in soil and how they affect its properties. The bacteria fix the nitrogen and releases oxygen in atmosphere. This factor led to more advanced microorganisms. Each of groups of microorganisms has characteristics that define them and their functions in soil. Microorganisms in soil are important because they affect soil structure and fertility.
Marine Microbiology is the study of microorganisms that live in saltwater, open oceans, estuaries, sea sediments etc. It focusses mainly on the interaction of the macro organisms and microorganisms within these communities. 50% of earth’s oxygen is generated by these marine organisms. It includes the biodiversity, ecology and biogeochemistry of marine organisms.
Plant-microbe interactions describe a broad range of scientific study concerning the molecular biology and molecular genetics of pathological, symbiotic and associative interactions of microbes with plants. Plant-microbe encounters can be friendly or hostile. The Plant-Microbe Interactions group aims to contribute to knowledge of the underlying mechanisms involved in the interactions of plants with pathogens and symbionts and to unravel at the molecular level how the plant immune system orchestrates interactions with beneficial microbes, pathogens and insects.
Aeromicrobiology is the study of occurrence and spread of airborne microorganisms, including vira and bacteria and the spores of bacteria and fungi.These organisms are named as bioaerosols. These organisms cause illness in people, creatures, and plants. Certain microbes are even capable of altering the chemical composition of the clouds and hence causing precipitation. They include the factors like physical environment, microbial communities and microbial processes.
The largest communities of living organisms can’t be found on land or sea- they are underground, beneath the land and seafloor surface. A broad range of microorganisms populate the subsurface environment. Some exist in extreme environments, where nutrients are scarce and temperatures are extreme. Others carry out important biological or geochemical processes that alter their surroundings, such as breaking down pollutants or changing the mineral content of groundwater.
Industrial microbiology is an area of applied microbiology which deals with screening, management, and exploitation of microorganisms for the engenderment of utilizable end products on an immensely colossal scale. It plays a key role in various industries such as food, dairy, medical, brewing and cosmetic industry.
The microbial ecology of human skin is complex, but little is known about its species composition. The skin provides a range of habitats with different microbiota associated with the three major regions of the skin, namely the moist axilla, perineum, and toe webs; oily or sebaceous head, neck, and trunk; and dry forearms and legs. These new culture-independent tools are revealing the diversity of the human skin microbiota in the different locations of the body and with skin depth. These tools should lead to a better understanding of the state of homeostasis between the microbiota and the host and the overall functionality of that microbiota. Although climatic changes may cause fluctation in microbial populations from certain sites, they are not a major influence on the ecology of the microbial flora of normal skin in the natural environment.
The bacteria, fungi, and viruses that colonize these environments help shape the human microbiome, and can fundamentally alter the trajectory of our health. Designing our buildings and city spaces with the microbiome in mind may help to improve energy efficiency, health, sustainability, and consequently, worker performance and economic productivity. By mapping the microbiome of our built environments we may track biothreats and diseases, develop sophisticated early warning systems, and understand how a changing climate and increasing population density will shape this world.
Microbial enzymes play a crucial role in industries and medicine. Several commercial enzymes such as amylases, invertase, glucose oxidases and proteases are produced by bacteria and fungi. These microbial enzymes replaced the whole organism. For instance, in textile desizing, malt or pancreatin has been replaced by bacterial amylase.
Metabolomics is the examination of endogenous and exogenous low nuclear mass metabolites within a cell, tissue, or bio fluid of a living thing in light of an external stressor. Plant Metabolomics is to consider the plant structure at the sub-nuclear level giving complete portrayal of metabolome of plants under specific conditions. Utilizing Metabolomics, a superior comprehension of the relationship amongst qualities and the biochemical piece of a plant tissue because of its condition can be acquired, and this data can be additionally used to evaluate quality capacity.
Natural products (secondary metabolites) have been the most successful source of leads for potential drug discovery. Natural products have been well documented for their medicinal uses for thousands of years. Plants have evolved and adapted over millions of years to withstand bacteria, insects, fungi and weather to produce unique, structurally diverse secondary metabolites. Their ethno pharmacological properties have been used as a primary source of medicines for early drug discovery. Macro and micro fungi have been part of human life for thousands of years. They were used as food (mushrooms), in preparation of alcoholic beverages (yeasts), medication in traditional medicine and for cultural purposes.
Microorganisms play an important role in our day today life, with those little creatures. The use of microorganism in large scale production of food and industrial products is being done worldwide. Polysaccharides, polyamides, polyesters and many other varieties of biopolymers are produced by many microorganisms. These are ranging from plastics to viscous solutions. Microorganisms are used in large scale manufacturing of vaccines against diseases like influenza flu, polio, BCG etc. With the evolution of sophisticated technology, identification of specific antigens is being done easily which further helps in development of vaccines with the help of microorganisms. They have used in food products, industries, pharma, Nanotechnology, Biotechnology, Food Technology, Agriculture, Drug Delivery, Medical technology, Microbial Engineering, Enzyme Production, Antibiotics Production, Vaccine Production and many more.
Microbes inhabit virtually all sites of the human body, yet we know very little about the role they play in our health. In recent years, there has been increasing interest in studying human-associated microbial communities, particularly since microbial dysbioses have now been implicated in a number of human diseases. Recent advances in sequencing technologies have made it feasible to perform large-scale studies of microbial communities, providing the tools. Rapidly developing sequencing methods and analytical techniques, the human microbiome on different spatial and temporal scales, including daily time series datasets spanning months. Furthermore, emerging concepts related to defining operational taxonomic units, diversity indices, core versus transient microbiomes, are enhancing our ability to understand the human microbiome.
Biochar (BC) plays a critical but poorly understood role in the global carbon cycle. Because it is a highly stable form of carbon compared to the original biomass from which it is produced, its production and management has been proposed as a technology for reducing atmospheric CO2 stocks, which contribute to climate change.
It will explore how the phospholipid fatty acids can be used to determine how biochar affects the structural, compositional, and functional capacities of microbial communities in different soil ecosystems. Used in combination with natural isotope or radioisotope (13C or 14C)-labeled substrates, it has the potential to determine soil organic matter cycling rate, monitor C flows from plants to soil microbes, and identify below-ground trophic relationships. Insights into biochar effects on soil phospholipid fatty acids, alternatives to data analysis, its limitations, and knowledge gaps are highlighted.
The microbial food web refers to the combined trophic interactions among microbes in aquatic environments. These microbes include viruses, bacteria, algae, heterotrophic protists(such as ciliates and flagellates).
In aquatic environments, microbes constitute the base of the food web. Single celled photosynthetic organisms such as diatoms and cyanobacteria are generally the most important primary producers in the open ocean.
Aggregate of microorganisms in which cells that are frequently embedded within a self-produced matrix of extracellular polymeric substance (EPS) adhere to each other and/or to a surface. A biofilm is a system that can be adapted internally to environmental conditions by its inhabitants. The self-produced matrix of extracellular polymeric substance, which is also referred to as slime, is a polymeric conglomeration generally composed of extracellular biopolymers in various structural forms.
Microbial metabolism is the means by which a microbe obtains the energy and nutrients (e.g. carbon) it needs to live and reproduce. Microbes use many different types of metabolic strategies and species can often be differentiated from each other based on metabolic characteristics. The specific metabolic properties of a microbe are the major factors in determining that microbe's ecological niche, and often allow for that microbe to be useful in industrial processes or responsible for biogeochemical cycles.
A microbial mat is a multi-layered sheet of microorganisms, mainly bacteria and archaea. Microbial mats grow at interfaces between different types of material, mostly on submerged or moist surfaces, but a few survive in deserts. They colonize environments ranging in temperature from –40 °C to 120 °C. A few are found as endosymbionts of animals. Microbial mats are the earliest form of life on Earth for which there is good fossil evidence, from 3,500 million years ago, and have been the most important members and maintainers of the planet's ecosystems.
An algal bloom, also called an "algae bloom" in AP style, is a rapid increase or accumulation in the population of algae in freshwater or marine water systems, and is recognized by the discoloration in the water from their pigments.
Bright green blooms in freshwater systems are frequently a result of cyanobacteria (colloquially known as blue-green algae) such as Microcystis. Blooms may also consist of macroalgal (non-phytoplanktonic) species. These blooms are recognizable by large blades of algae that may wash up onto the shoreline.
Bioluminescent bacteria are light-producing bacteria that are predominantly present in sea water, marine sediments, and the surface of decomposing fish and in the gut of marine animals. While not as common, bacterial bioluminescence is also found in terrestrial and freshwater bacteria. These bacteria may be free living (such as Vibrio harveyi) or in symbiosis with animals such as the Hawaiian Bobtail squid (Aliivibrio fischeri) or terrestrial nematodes (Photorhabdus luminescens).
- Microbial Ecology and Next Gen Sequencing
- Soil Microbiology
- Marine Microbiology
- Plant microbe interactions
- Subsurface Microbial life
- Industrial Microbiology
- Microbial Ecology of the Human Skin
- Environmental microbiome and human health
- Microbial Enzymes, Metabolites and Natural Products
- Applications of microbes in medicine, agriculture and biotechnology
- Bioinformatics for Microbiome
- Biochar Effects on Ecosystems
- Microbial Food Webs
- Microbial Biofilms
- Metabolism and Behaviour of Diverse Microbes
- Microbial Mats
- Algal Blooms
- Bacterial Bioluminesncence
- Applied microbial ecology
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All accepted abstracts will be published in respective Our International Journals.
- Journal of Microbial & Biochemical Technology
- Journal of Bioremediation & Biodegradation
- VEGETOS: An International Journal of Plant Research
Abstracts will be provided with Digital Object Identifier by